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Potret Sistem Pendidikan Indonesia di Tengah Pandemi

Ulet Ifansasti/Getty Images - detikNews
Senin, 05 Okt 2020 20:13 WIB

Yogyakarta - Pendidikan Indonesia kini tengah diuji oleh pandemi COVID-19. Di tengah keterbatasan komunikasi, guru-guru ini memutar otak agar tetap bisa mengajar muridnya.

YOGYAKARTA, INDONESIA - SEPTEMBER 28: Kharisma Anisa Putri (14), uses her broke screen smartphone for studying online using free wifi provided by the village as to help parents with financial difficulties, they pay 30,000 Indonesian Rupiah or around (USD 2) per month amid the Coronavirus pandemic on September 28, 2020 in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. According to the Indonesian Ministry of Education and Culture data nearly 70 million children have been affected by school shutdowns which started in mid-March. Since it closed on March 16, the school has implemented various methods and approaches to support distance learning. Even so, its implementation in the field still faces various obstacles. The problem is limited support facilities, such as laptops, smart phones, and internet data packages. In addition, parents also claim to not have enough time and feel they lack the knowledge to accompany children to learn online. Indonesia is struggling to contain thousands of new daily cases of coronavirus amid easing of rules to allow economic activity to resume. (Photo by Ulet Ifansasti/Getty Images)

Pandemi COVID-19 telah berhasil merubah sistem kegiatan belajar mengajar tatap muka menjadi belajar jarak jauh secara daring.  

YOGYAKARTA, INDONESIA - SEPTEMBER 28: Kharisma Anisa Putri (14), uses her broke screen smartphone for studying online using free wifi provided by the village as to help parents with financial difficulties, they pay 30,000 Indonesian Rupiah or around (USD 2) per month amid the Coronavirus pandemic on September 28, 2020 in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. According to the Indonesian Ministry of Education and Culture data nearly 70 million children have been affected by school shutdowns which started in mid-March. Since it closed on March 16, the school has implemented various methods and approaches to support distance learning. Even so, its implementation in the field still faces various obstacles. The problem is limited support facilities, such as laptops, smart phones, and internet data packages. In addition, parents also claim to not have enough time and feel they lack the knowledge to accompany children to learn online. Indonesia is struggling to contain thousands of new daily cases of coronavirus amid easing of rules to allow economic activity to resume. (Photo by Ulet Ifansasti/Getty Images)

Sejak pertengahan Maret 2020, sebagian besar sekolah ditutup untuk mencegah penyebaran virus Corona kepada para generasi muda.  

YOGYAKARTA, INDONESIA - SEPTEMBER 28: Kharisma Anisa Putri (14), uses her broke screen smartphone for studying online using free wifi provided by the village as to help parents with financial difficulties, they pay 30,000 Indonesian Rupiah or around (USD 2) per month amid the Coronavirus pandemic on September 28, 2020 in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. According to the Indonesian Ministry of Education and Culture data nearly 70 million children have been affected by school shutdowns which started in mid-March. Since it closed on March 16, the school has implemented various methods and approaches to support distance learning. Even so, its implementation in the field still faces various obstacles. The problem is limited support facilities, such as laptops, smart phones, and internet data packages. In addition, parents also claim to not have enough time and feel they lack the knowledge to accompany children to learn online. Indonesia is struggling to contain thousands of new daily cases of coronavirus amid easing of rules to allow economic activity to resume. (Photo by Ulet Ifansasti/Getty Images)

Para siswa pun akhirnya terpaksa menekuni proses belajar mengajar melalui sejumlah alat komunikasi yang dimilikinya.  

YOGYAKARTA, INDONESIA - SEPTEMBER 28: Kharisma Anisa Putri (14), uses her broke screen smartphone for studying online using free wifi provided by the village as to help parents with financial difficulties, they pay 30,000 Indonesian Rupiah or around (USD 2) per month amid the Coronavirus pandemic on September 28, 2020 in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. According to the Indonesian Ministry of Education and Culture data nearly 70 million children have been affected by school shutdowns which started in mid-March. Since it closed on March 16, the school has implemented various methods and approaches to support distance learning. Even so, its implementation in the field still faces various obstacles. The problem is limited support facilities, such as laptops, smart phones, and internet data packages. In addition, parents also claim to not have enough time and feel they lack the knowledge to accompany children to learn online. Indonesia is struggling to contain thousands of new daily cases of coronavirus amid easing of rules to allow economic activity to resume. (Photo by Ulet Ifansasti/Getty Images)

Namun, keterbatasan komunikasi membuat sejumlah guru mempunyai cara yang berbeda. Seperti Parmin (58), seorang guru sekolah dasar di Boyolali yang mendatangi rumah-rumah anak didiknya untuk mengajar.  

YOGYAKARTA, INDONESIA - SEPTEMBER 28: Kharisma Anisa Putri (14), uses her broke screen smartphone for studying online using free wifi provided by the village as to help parents with financial difficulties, they pay 30,000 Indonesian Rupiah or around (USD 2) per month amid the Coronavirus pandemic on September 28, 2020 in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. According to the Indonesian Ministry of Education and Culture data nearly 70 million children have been affected by school shutdowns which started in mid-March. Since it closed on March 16, the school has implemented various methods and approaches to support distance learning. Even so, its implementation in the field still faces various obstacles. The problem is limited support facilities, such as laptops, smart phones, and internet data packages. In addition, parents also claim to not have enough time and feel they lack the knowledge to accompany children to learn online. Indonesia is struggling to contain thousands of new daily cases of coronavirus amid easing of rules to allow economic activity to resume. (Photo by Ulet Ifansasti/Getty Images)

Para siswa dari Desa Senden, yang terletak di kaki Gunung Merapi dan Merbabu, Selo, Boyolali, Jawa Tengah, tak bisa melaksanakan pembelajaran jarak jauh secara daring karena koneksi internet di wilayah tersebut tak cukup bagus.  

YOGYAKARTA, INDONESIA - SEPTEMBER 28: Kharisma Anisa Putri (14), uses her broke screen smartphone for studying online using free wifi provided by the village as to help parents with financial difficulties, they pay 30,000 Indonesian Rupiah or around (USD 2) per month amid the Coronavirus pandemic on September 28, 2020 in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. According to the Indonesian Ministry of Education and Culture data nearly 70 million children have been affected by school shutdowns which started in mid-March. Since it closed on March 16, the school has implemented various methods and approaches to support distance learning. Even so, its implementation in the field still faces various obstacles. The problem is limited support facilities, such as laptops, smart phones, and internet data packages. In addition, parents also claim to not have enough time and feel they lack the knowledge to accompany children to learn online. Indonesia is struggling to contain thousands of new daily cases of coronavirus amid easing of rules to allow economic activity to resume. (Photo by Ulet Ifansasti/Getty Images)

Kendala lain yang dirasakan para siswa adalah tidak tersedianya fasilitas penunjang seperti laptop, telepon seluler, atau kuota data.  

YOGYAKARTA, INDONESIA - SEPTEMBER 28: Kharisma Anisa Putri (14), uses her broke screen smartphone for studying online using free wifi provided by the village as to help parents with financial difficulties, they pay 30,000 Indonesian Rupiah or around (USD 2) per month amid the Coronavirus pandemic on September 28, 2020 in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. According to the Indonesian Ministry of Education and Culture data nearly 70 million children have been affected by school shutdowns which started in mid-March. Since it closed on March 16, the school has implemented various methods and approaches to support distance learning. Even so, its implementation in the field still faces various obstacles. The problem is limited support facilities, such as laptops, smart phones, and internet data packages. In addition, parents also claim to not have enough time and feel they lack the knowledge to accompany children to learn online. Indonesia is struggling to contain thousands of new daily cases of coronavirus amid easing of rules to allow economic activity to resume. (Photo by Ulet Ifansasti/Getty Images)

Di pedesaan, banyak orang tua yang mengaku tak mampu mendampingi anak-anak mereka belajar daring.  

YOGYAKARTA, INDONESIA - SEPTEMBER 28: Kharisma Anisa Putri (14), uses her broke screen smartphone for studying online using free wifi provided by the village as to help parents with financial difficulties, they pay 30,000 Indonesian Rupiah or around (USD 2) per month amid the Coronavirus pandemic on September 28, 2020 in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. According to the Indonesian Ministry of Education and Culture data nearly 70 million children have been affected by school shutdowns which started in mid-March. Since it closed on March 16, the school has implemented various methods and approaches to support distance learning. Even so, its implementation in the field still faces various obstacles. The problem is limited support facilities, such as laptops, smart phones, and internet data packages. In addition, parents also claim to not have enough time and feel they lack the knowledge to accompany children to learn online. Indonesia is struggling to contain thousands of new daily cases of coronavirus amid easing of rules to allow economic activity to resume. (Photo by Ulet Ifansasti/Getty Images)

Di Kabupaten Boyolali, sebanyak 1.492 sekolah ditutup sejak pertengahan Maret 2020 untuk mencegah meluasnya penyebaran COVID-19.  

YOGYAKARTA, INDONESIA - SEPTEMBER 28: Kharisma Anisa Putri (14), uses her broke screen smartphone for studying online using free wifi provided by the village as to help parents with financial difficulties, they pay 30,000 Indonesian Rupiah or around (USD 2) per month amid the Coronavirus pandemic on September 28, 2020 in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. According to the Indonesian Ministry of Education and Culture data nearly 70 million children have been affected by school shutdowns which started in mid-March. Since it closed on March 16, the school has implemented various methods and approaches to support distance learning. Even so, its implementation in the field still faces various obstacles. The problem is limited support facilities, such as laptops, smart phones, and internet data packages. In addition, parents also claim to not have enough time and feel they lack the knowledge to accompany children to learn online. Indonesia is struggling to contain thousands of new daily cases of coronavirus amid easing of rules to allow economic activity to resume. (Photo by Ulet Ifansasti/Getty Images)

Tak hanya Parmin, Seorang guru, Sigit Pambudi (26), juga harus memutar otak agar terus bisa mengajar anak-anak muridnya di tengah pandemi COVID-19.  

YOGYAKARTA, INDONESIA - SEPTEMBER 28: Kharisma Anisa Putri (14), uses her broke screen smartphone for studying online using free wifi provided by the village as to help parents with financial difficulties, they pay 30,000 Indonesian Rupiah or around (USD 2) per month amid the Coronavirus pandemic on September 28, 2020 in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. According to the Indonesian Ministry of Education and Culture data nearly 70 million children have been affected by school shutdowns which started in mid-March. Since it closed on March 16, the school has implemented various methods and approaches to support distance learning. Even so, its implementation in the field still faces various obstacles. The problem is limited support facilities, such as laptops, smart phones, and internet data packages. In addition, parents also claim to not have enough time and feel they lack the knowledge to accompany children to learn online. Indonesia is struggling to contain thousands of new daily cases of coronavirus amid easing of rules to allow economic activity to resume. (Photo by Ulet Ifansasti/Getty Images)

Parmin mengajar muridnya melalui Handy Talky (HT) di ruang kelas VI, Kelurahan Semanggi, Kecamatan Pasar Kliwon, Surakarta, Jawa Tengah.  

SOLO, INDONESIA - SEPTEMBER 29: Immanuela Trista Loveli (11), and Bunga Citra Lestari (12), sit infront of their home using walkie talkie to listening their teacher, Sigit Pambudi, when they doing distance learning amid the Coronavirus pandemic on September 29, 2020 in Solo, Central Java, Indonesia. According to the Indonesian Ministry of Education and Culture data nearly 70 million children have been affected by school shutdowns which started in mid-March. Since it closed on March 16, the school has implemented various methods and approaches to support distance learning. Even so, its implementation in the field still faces various obstacles. The problem is limited support facilities, such as laptops, smart phones, and internet data packages. In addition, parents also claim to not have enough time and feel they lack the knowledge to accompany children to learn online. Indonesia is struggling to contain thousands of new daily cases of coronavirus amid easing of rules to allow economic activity to resume. (Photo by Ulet Ifansasti/Getty Images)

Bagi orang tau, HT menjadi solusi yang murah dan bermanfaat dalam menyiasatii kegiatan belajar mengajar saat pandemi.  

SOLO, INDONESIA - SEPTEMBER 29: Immanuela Trista Loveli (11), and Bunga Citra Lestari (12), sit infront of their home using walkie talkie to listening their teacher, Sigit Pambudi, when they doing distance learning amid the Coronavirus pandemic on September 29, 2020 in Solo, Central Java, Indonesia. According to the Indonesian Ministry of Education and Culture data nearly 70 million children have been affected by school shutdowns which started in mid-March. Since it closed on March 16, the school has implemented various methods and approaches to support distance learning. Even so, its implementation in the field still faces various obstacles. The problem is limited support facilities, such as laptops, smart phones, and internet data packages. In addition, parents also claim to not have enough time and feel they lack the knowledge to accompany children to learn online. Indonesia is struggling to contain thousands of new daily cases of coronavirus amid easing of rules to allow economic activity to resume. (Photo by Ulet Ifansasti/Getty Images)

Dengan adanya HT, orang tua diringankan dari membeli kuota internet.  

SOLO, INDONESIA - SEPTEMBER 29: Immanuela Trista Loveli (11), and Bunga Citra Lestari (12), sit infront of their home using walkie talkie to listening their teacher, Sigit Pambudi, when they doing distance learning amid the Coronavirus pandemic on September 29, 2020 in Solo, Central Java, Indonesia. According to the Indonesian Ministry of Education and Culture data nearly 70 million children have been affected by school shutdowns which started in mid-March. Since it closed on March 16, the school has implemented various methods and approaches to support distance learning. Even so, its implementation in the field still faces various obstacles. The problem is limited support facilities, such as laptops, smart phones, and internet data packages. In addition, parents also claim to not have enough time and feel they lack the knowledge to accompany children to learn online. Indonesia is struggling to contain thousands of new daily cases of coronavirus amid easing of rules to allow economic activity to resume. (Photo by Ulet Ifansasti/Getty Images)

HT juga membuat kegiatan belajar mengajar lebih mudah karena komunikasi terjalin dua arah.  

Potret Sistem Pendidikan Indonesia di Tengah Pandemi
Potret Sistem Pendidikan Indonesia di Tengah Pandemi
Potret Sistem Pendidikan Indonesia di Tengah Pandemi
Potret Sistem Pendidikan Indonesia di Tengah Pandemi
Potret Sistem Pendidikan Indonesia di Tengah Pandemi
Potret Sistem Pendidikan Indonesia di Tengah Pandemi
Potret Sistem Pendidikan Indonesia di Tengah Pandemi
Potret Sistem Pendidikan Indonesia di Tengah Pandemi
Potret Sistem Pendidikan Indonesia di Tengah Pandemi
Potret Sistem Pendidikan Indonesia di Tengah Pandemi
Potret Sistem Pendidikan Indonesia di Tengah Pandemi
Potret Sistem Pendidikan Indonesia di Tengah Pandemi
Potret Sistem Pendidikan Indonesia di Tengah Pandemi