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Nestapa Keringnya Laguna di Kolombia

AP Photo/Fernando Vergara - detikNews
Jumat, 19 Feb 2021 17:29 WIB

Kolombia - Akibat deforestasi atau penebangan hutan dan perubahan iklim, cadangan air di Laguna Suesca Kolombia menurun drastis hingga terancam menghilang.

Migratory birds take flight from Suesca lagoon, in Suesca, Colombia, Wednesday, Feb. 17, 2021. The basin which is dependent on runoff has suffered severe deforestation and erosion, which together with the added impact of climate change has led to a significant reduction of its water level. (AP Photo/Fernando Vergara)

Laguna Suesca adalah cadangan air alami yang terletak di Altiplano Cundiboyacense, yang berjarak 60 kilometer dari ibu kota Bogota.  

Migratory birds take flight from Suesca lagoon, in Suesca, Colombia, Wednesday, Feb. 17, 2021. The basin which is dependent on runoff has suffered severe deforestation and erosion, which together with the added impact of climate change has led to a significant reduction of its water level. (AP Photo/Fernando Vergara)

Permukaan Laguna Suesca yang dulunya merupakan objek wisata ini telah menurun secara drastis dalam beberapa tahun terakhir dan berisiko menghilang.  

Migratory birds take flight from Suesca lagoon, in Suesca, Colombia, Wednesday, Feb. 17, 2021. The basin which is dependent on runoff has suffered severe deforestation and erosion, which together with the added impact of climate change has led to a significant reduction of its water level. (AP Photo/Fernando Vergara)

Menyurutnya air di laguna ini dilaporkan otoritas lingkungan setempat karena perubahan iklim dan ketidaktanggungjawaban manusia yang merusak lingkungan.  

Migratory birds take flight from Suesca lagoon, in Suesca, Colombia, Wednesday, Feb. 17, 2021. The basin which is dependent on runoff has suffered severe deforestation and erosion, which together with the added impact of climate change has led to a significant reduction of its water level. (AP Photo/Fernando Vergara)

Dilansir dari The Associated Press, Juru bicara otoritas lingkungan setempat mengatakan laguna tersebut telah berubah dari 25.000 juta meter kubik air menjadi 300.000 meter kubik air saja.  

Migratory birds take flight from Suesca lagoon, in Suesca, Colombia, Wednesday, Feb. 17, 2021. The basin which is dependent on runoff has suffered severe deforestation and erosion, which together with the added impact of climate change has led to a significant reduction of its water level. (AP Photo/Fernando Vergara)

Laguna Suesca dengan luas 2.900 hektar hanya bergantung pada curah hujan. Laguna ini tidak memiliki anak sungai yang mengalir secara permanen.  

Migratory birds take flight from Suesca lagoon, in Suesca, Colombia, Wednesday, Feb. 17, 2021. The basin which is dependent on runoff has suffered severe deforestation and erosion, which together with the added impact of climate change has led to a significant reduction of its water level. (AP Photo/Fernando Vergara)

Kolombia sedang mengalami musim kemarau. Bahkan fenomena La Niña yang sedang terjadi dan biasanya membawa hujan juga tak bisa menyelamatkan Laguna Suesca.  

Migratory birds take flight from Suesca lagoon, in Suesca, Colombia, Wednesday, Feb. 17, 2021. The basin which is dependent on runoff has suffered severe deforestation and erosion, which together with the added impact of climate change has led to a significant reduction of its water level. (AP Photo/Fernando Vergara)

Kerusakan lingkungan laguna telah didokumentasikan selama lebih dari satu dekade, otoritas lingkungan diketahui telah menyelidiki masalah tersebut sejak tahun 2010.  

Migratory birds take flight from Suesca lagoon, in Suesca, Colombia, Wednesday, Feb. 17, 2021. The basin which is dependent on runoff has suffered severe deforestation and erosion, which together with the added impact of climate change has led to a significant reduction of its water level. (AP Photo/Fernando Vergara)

Selain kekeringan, disebutkan bahwa manusia bertanggung jawab atas deforestasi atau penebangan hutan yang sering dilakukan.  

Nestapa Keringnya Laguna di Kolombia
Nestapa Keringnya Laguna di Kolombia
Nestapa Keringnya Laguna di Kolombia
Nestapa Keringnya Laguna di Kolombia
Nestapa Keringnya Laguna di Kolombia
Nestapa Keringnya Laguna di Kolombia
Nestapa Keringnya Laguna di Kolombia
Nestapa Keringnya Laguna di Kolombia