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Kisah Para Janda dari Tanah Afrika

AP Photo/Jerome Delay - detikNews
Jumat, 13 Mei 2022 07:15 WIB

Afrika - Status janda telah lama menimpa wanita di benua Afrika. Ditambah pandemi, jumlah janda semakin banyak di benua itu, membuat mereka tambah sengsara.

Vanessa Emedy waits for customers at the Virunga Market in Goma, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tuesday March 29, 2022. On the night of her late husband Godefroid Kamana's burial, extended family members came to the family home where Vanessa had just begun her period of mourning.

Roseline Ujah (49) duduk di tempat tidurnya di Umuida, Nigeria. Suami Ujah, Godwin, jatuh sakit dengan demam dan batuk parah akibat virus COVID-19.  Akhirnya, suami Ujah meninggal dan ia menjadi janda.  

Vanessa Emedy waits for customers at the Virunga Market in Goma, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tuesday March 29, 2022. On the night of her late husband Godefroid Kamana's burial, extended family members came to the family home where Vanessa had just begun her period of mourning.

Di seluruh Afrika, status janda telah lama menimpa sejumlah besar wanita, terutama di negara-negara paling tidak berkembang di benua itu.

Vanessa Emedy waits for customers at the Virunga Market in Goma, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tuesday March 29, 2022. On the night of her late husband Godefroid Kamana's burial, extended family members came to the family home where Vanessa had just begun her period of mourning.

Banyak janda yang masih muda kala menikah dengan pria puluhan tahun lebih tua. Ditambah di beberapa negara Afrika, pria sering kali memiliki lebih dari satu istri lalu ketika meninggal maka ia membuat para istrinya menjadi janda.  

Vanessa Emedy waits for customers at the Virunga Market in Goma, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tuesday March 29, 2022. On the night of her late husband Godefroid Kamana's burial, extended family members came to the family home where Vanessa had just begun her period of mourning.

Kini, pandemi telah menciptakan populasi janda yang lebih besar di benua itu. Banyak laki-laki yang meninggal dunia akibat virus COVID-19.  

Vanessa Emedy waits for customers at the Virunga Market in Goma, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tuesday March 29, 2022. On the night of her late husband Godefroid Kamana's burial, extended family members came to the family home where Vanessa had just begun her period of mourning.

Di Nigeria, negara terpadat di Afrika, sekitar 70 persen kematian akibat COVID-19 yang dikonfirmasi adalah laki-laki, menurut data yang dilacak oleh Proyek Jenis Kelamin, Gender, dan COVID-19.  

Vanessa Emedy waits for customers at the Virunga Market in Goma, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tuesday March 29, 2022. On the night of her late husband Godefroid Kamana's burial, extended family members came to the family home where Vanessa had just begun her period of mourning.

Demikian pula, lebih dari 70 persen kematian di Chad, Malawi, Somalia dan Kongo adalah laki-laki.  

Vanessa Emedy waits for customers at the Virunga Market in Goma, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tuesday March 29, 2022. On the night of her late husband Godefroid Kamana's burial, extended family members came to the family home where Vanessa had just begun her period of mourning.

Para ahli mengatakan beberapa janda yang ditinggalkan tidak memiliki apa-apa sementara yang lain dipaksa untuk menikah lagi dengan saudara iparnya atau diputus.  

Vanessa Emedy waits for customers at the Virunga Market in Goma, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tuesday March 29, 2022. On the night of her late husband Godefroid Kamana's burial, extended family members came to the family home where Vanessa had just begun her period of mourning.

Setelah menjanda, wanita sering diperlakukan tidak baik dan kehilangan hak warisnya. Bahkan banyak janda di sana yang mengalami penganiayaan oleh mertuanya.  

Vanessa Emedy waits for customers at the Virunga Market in Goma, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tuesday March 29, 2022. On the night of her late husband Godefroid Kamana's burial, extended family members came to the family home where Vanessa had just begun her period of mourning.

Di Afrika Barat, kejandaan terutama terjadi di petak-petak besar di mana banyak perkawinan poligami.   

Vanessa Emedy waits for customers at the Virunga Market in Goma, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tuesday March 29, 2022. On the night of her late husband Godefroid Kamana's burial, extended family members came to the family home where Vanessa had just begun her period of mourning.

Populasi janda di negara-negara benua Afrika kini semakin membludak dan sengsara.  

Kisah Para Janda dari Tanah Afrika
Kisah Para Janda dari Tanah Afrika
Kisah Para Janda dari Tanah Afrika
Kisah Para Janda dari Tanah Afrika
Kisah Para Janda dari Tanah Afrika
Kisah Para Janda dari Tanah Afrika
Kisah Para Janda dari Tanah Afrika
Kisah Para Janda dari Tanah Afrika
Kisah Para Janda dari Tanah Afrika
Kisah Para Janda dari Tanah Afrika