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Para Penyembah Hutan di Jepang Gelar Ritual Tahun Baru

Getty Images/Buddhika Weerasinghe - detikNews
Senin, 03 Jan 2022 21:00 WIB

Jepang - Para penyembah gunung atau Yamabushi masih banyak ditemukan di Jepang. Mereka sering kali melakukan ritual kepercayaan untuk meminta kesehatan atau kebahagian.

TAMBASASAYAMA, JAPAN - JANUARY 03: Fudo waterfall is pictured during a Fudo honor festival on January 03, 2022 in Tambasasayama, Japan. The Yamabushi chant and pray as worshipers walk barefoot on the burnt logs and wish for good health and happiness in the new year. Due to the coronavirus pandemic the event was canceled last year. (Photo by Buddhika Weerasinghe/Getty Images)

Penyembah gunung atau disebut Yamabushi melakukan ritual api suci tahun baru selama festival kehormatan Fudo di Tambasasayama, Jepang, Senin (3/1/2022).  

TAMBASASAYAMA, JAPAN - JANUARY 03: Fudo waterfall is pictured during a Fudo honor festival on January 03, 2022 in Tambasasayama, Japan. The Yamabushi chant and pray as worshipers walk barefoot on the burnt logs and wish for good health and happiness in the new year. Due to the coronavirus pandemic the event was canceled last year. (Photo by Buddhika Weerasinghe/Getty Images)

Yamabushi melantunkan doa sambil berjalan tanpa alas kaki di atas kayu yang terbakar. Mereka berharap kesehatan dan kebahagiaan yang baik di tahun baru.  

TAMBASASAYAMA, JAPAN - JANUARY 03: Fudo waterfall is pictured during a Fudo honor festival on January 03, 2022 in Tambasasayama, Japan. The Yamabushi chant and pray as worshipers walk barefoot on the burnt logs and wish for good health and happiness in the new year. Due to the coronavirus pandemic the event was canceled last year. (Photo by Buddhika Weerasinghe/Getty Images)

Di zaman yang serba canggih ini, menyembah gunung merupakan suatu hal yang jarang didengar. Namun, kegiatan itu ternyata masih ada dan makin banyak pengikutnya. Tepatnya di Prefektur Yamagata tedapat sebuah pegunungan yang ramai dikunjungi oleh Yamabushi (para pertapa).  

TAMBASASAYAMA, JAPAN - JANUARY 03: Fudo waterfall is pictured during a Fudo honor festival on January 03, 2022 in Tambasasayama, Japan. The Yamabushi chant and pray as worshipers walk barefoot on the burnt logs and wish for good health and happiness in the new year. Due to the coronavirus pandemic the event was canceled last year. (Photo by Buddhika Weerasinghe/Getty Images)

Diketahui, penyembahan itu sudah berjalan selama lebih dari 1.400 tahun dan terus berganti generasi.   

TAMBASASAYAMA, JAPAN - JANUARY 03: Fudo waterfall is pictured during a Fudo honor festival on January 03, 2022 in Tambasasayama, Japan. The Yamabushi chant and pray as worshipers walk barefoot on the burnt logs and wish for good health and happiness in the new year. Due to the coronavirus pandemic the event was canceled last year. (Photo by Buddhika Weerasinghe/Getty Images)

Sejarah para Yamabushi ini dimulai pada tahun 593 M, di masa pemerintahan Kaisar ke 32 Sushun, putera tertuanya Pangeran Hachiko melarikan diri dari ibu kota Jepang. Ia kabur karena ayahnya Kaisar Sushun dibunuh.  

TAMBASASAYAMA, JAPAN - JANUARY 03: Fudo waterfall is pictured during a Fudo honor festival on January 03, 2022 in Tambasasayama, Japan. The Yamabushi chant and pray as worshipers walk barefoot on the burnt logs and wish for good health and happiness in the new year. Due to the coronavirus pandemic the event was canceled last year. (Photo by Buddhika Weerasinghe/Getty Images)

Pamannya, Pangeran Shotoku menyarankan agar Pangeran Hachiko pergi ke Gunung Haguro. Ia nanti akan bertemu dengan Kannon, Dewi Pengasih.  

TAMBASASAYAMA, JAPAN - JANUARY 03: Fudo waterfall is pictured during a Fudo honor festival on January 03, 2022 in Tambasasayama, Japan. The Yamabushi chant and pray as worshipers walk barefoot on the burnt logs and wish for good health and happiness in the new year. Due to the coronavirus pandemic the event was canceled last year. (Photo by Buddhika Weerasinghe/Getty Images)

Pangeran Hachiko langsung membangun kuil di tiga puncak gunung yakni Gunung Haguro, Gunung Gassan dan Gunung Yudono. Hal itu ia lakukan agar para dewa dewi gunung menjaga kedamaian dan kemakmuran wilayah tersebut. Tidak sampai disitu, dirinya juga menetapkan pegunungan sebagai pusat Shugendo (bentuk pemujaan gunung khas Jepang). Seiring jalannya waktu, Pangeran Hachiko memasukkan unsur unsur Shinto, Buddha dan Taoisme.   

TAMBASASAYAMA, JAPAN - JANUARY 03: Fudo waterfall is pictured during a Fudo honor festival on January 03, 2022 in Tambasasayama, Japan. The Yamabushi chant and pray as worshipers walk barefoot on the burnt logs and wish for good health and happiness in the new year. Due to the coronavirus pandemic the event was canceled last year. (Photo by Buddhika Weerasinghe/Getty Images)

Sejak saat itu mulai bermunculan Yamabushi yang menghabiskan waktu hingga bertahun tahun di pegunungan. Kini, ada sekitar 6.000 para pertapa di Jepang dan mereka yakin bahwa kegiatannya itu akan membawa pencerahan.  

TAMBASASAYAMA, JAPAN - JANUARY 03: Fudo waterfall is pictured during a Fudo honor festival on January 03, 2022 in Tambasasayama, Japan. The Yamabushi chant and pray as worshipers walk barefoot on the burnt logs and wish for good health and happiness in the new year. Due to the coronavirus pandemic the event was canceled last year. (Photo by Buddhika Weerasinghe/Getty Images)

Pakaian yang digunakan para petapa itu adalah putih. Warna ini menggambarkan kematian dan meninggalkan dunia.  

TAMBASASAYAMA, JAPAN - JANUARY 03: Fudo waterfall is pictured during a Fudo honor festival on January 03, 2022 in Tambasasayama, Japan. The Yamabushi chant and pray as worshipers walk barefoot on the burnt logs and wish for good health and happiness in the new year. Due to the coronavirus pandemic the event was canceled last year. (Photo by Buddhika Weerasinghe/Getty Images)

Tidak sedikit dari para petapa ini yang benar-benar melakukan pertapaan agar menyatu dengan roh gunung.  

Para Penyembah Hutan di Jepang Gelar Ritual Tahun Baru
Para Penyembah Hutan di Jepang Gelar Ritual Tahun Baru
Para Penyembah Hutan di Jepang Gelar Ritual Tahun Baru
Para Penyembah Hutan di Jepang Gelar Ritual Tahun Baru
Para Penyembah Hutan di Jepang Gelar Ritual Tahun Baru
Para Penyembah Hutan di Jepang Gelar Ritual Tahun Baru
Para Penyembah Hutan di Jepang Gelar Ritual Tahun Baru
Para Penyembah Hutan di Jepang Gelar Ritual Tahun Baru
Para Penyembah Hutan di Jepang Gelar Ritual Tahun Baru
Para Penyembah Hutan di Jepang Gelar Ritual Tahun Baru