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Sudah 500 Pedemo Tewas di Tangan Militer Myanmar

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Rabu, 31 Mar 2021 11:42 WIB

Myanmar - Lebih dari 500 orang telah meninggal dunia sejak kudeta dilancarkan pada 1 Februari lalu. Kekerasan bersenjata belum reda hingga hari ini, Rabu (31/3/2021).

YANGON, MYANMAR - MARCH 28: Anti-coup protesters use slingshots and pelt stones towards approaching security forces on March 28, 2021 in Yangon, Myanmar. Myanmar's military Junta continued a brutal crackdown on a nationwide civil disobedience movement in which thousands of people have turned out in continued defiance of live ammunition. Local media and monitoring organizations estimate that over 400 people have been killed since the coup began, including dozens of children and minors. (Photo by Stringer/Getty Images)

Seperti dilansir Reuters, Rabu (31/3/2021), lebih dari 500 orang telah meninggal dunia sejak kudeta dilancarkan pada 1 Februari lalu. Kekerasan yang terus meningkat membuat belasan kelompok etnis bersenjata turut mengutuk pemerintahan junta militer dan berjanji mendukung para pengunjuk rasa.  

YANGON, MYANMAR - MARCH 28: Anti-coup protesters use slingshots and pelt stones towards approaching security forces on March 28, 2021 in Yangon, Myanmar. Myanmar's military Junta continued a brutal crackdown on a nationwide civil disobedience movement in which thousands of people have turned out in continued defiance of live ammunition. Local media and monitoring organizations estimate that over 400 people have been killed since the coup began, including dozens of children and minors. (Photo by Stringer/Getty Images)

Di Negara Bagian Karen, Persatuan Nasional Karen (KNU) - salah satu kelompok etnis bersenjata terkuat - mengatakan mereka menanggapi permintaan bantuan dari demonstran antikudeta dengan mengirim para tentaranya untuk melindungi pengunjuk rasa. Pasukannya akan menyerang para tentara Myanmar dan memutus rute pasokan, yang menurut kelompok itu sebagai tanggapan atas diganggunya teritori mereka oleh militer.    

YANGON, MYANMAR - MARCH 28: Anti-coup protesters use slingshots and pelt stones towards approaching security forces on March 28, 2021 in Yangon, Myanmar. Myanmar's military Junta continued a brutal crackdown on a nationwide civil disobedience movement in which thousands of people have turned out in continued defiance of live ammunition. Local media and monitoring organizations estimate that over 400 people have been killed since the coup began, including dozens of children and minors. (Photo by Stringer/Getty Images)

Sementara itu, di bagian utara Myanmar, Tentara Kemerdekaan Kachin (KIA) telah melancarkan serangan serupa.  

YANGON, MYANMAR - MARCH 28: Anti-coup protesters use slingshots and pelt stones towards approaching security forces on March 28, 2021 in Yangon, Myanmar. Myanmar's military Junta continued a brutal crackdown on a nationwide civil disobedience movement in which thousands of people have turned out in continued defiance of live ammunition. Local media and monitoring organizations estimate that over 400 people have been killed since the coup began, including dozens of children and minors. (Photo by Stringer/Getty Images)

Pada hari Selasa (30/3), tiga pasukan gerilya lainnya, termasuk Tentara Arakan yang terkuat di negara bagian Rakhine barat, berjanji untuk bergabung dengan apa yang mereka sebut "revolusi musim semi" jika pembunuhan warga sipil tidak berhenti.  

YANGON, MYANMAR - MARCH 28: Anti-coup protesters use slingshots and pelt stones towards approaching security forces on March 28, 2021 in Yangon, Myanmar. Myanmar's military Junta continued a brutal crackdown on a nationwide civil disobedience movement in which thousands of people have turned out in continued defiance of live ammunition. Local media and monitoring organizations estimate that over 400 people have been killed since the coup began, including dozens of children and minors. (Photo by Stringer/Getty Images)

Anggota parlemen sipil, yang sebagian besar bersembunyi, telah mengumumkan rencana untuk membentuk "pemerintah persatuan nasional" pada 1 April mendatang - dengan peran-peran penting diberikan untuk para pemimpin etnis - dan menggelar pembicaraan online tentang perlawanan bersama terhadap pemerintah junta militer.  

YANGON, MYANMAR - MARCH 28: Anti-coup protesters use slingshots and pelt stones towards approaching security forces on March 28, 2021 in Yangon, Myanmar. Myanmar's military Junta continued a brutal crackdown on a nationwide civil disobedience movement in which thousands of people have turned out in continued defiance of live ammunition. Local media and monitoring organizations estimate that over 400 people have been killed since the coup began, including dozens of children and minors. (Photo by Stringer/Getty Images)

Dr Sasa, utusan internasional dari badan perwakilan pemerintah sipil Komisi Perwakilan Pyidaungsu Hluttaw (CRPH), mengatakan konstitusi federal sementara telah dirancang bersama kelompok etnis dan masyarakat sipil. Dr Sasa juga berencana untuk membentuk "tentara federal" untuk menggantikan militer Myanmar, atau yang dikenal sebagai Tatmadaw.  

YANGON, MYANMAR - MARCH 28: Anti-coup protesters use slingshots and pelt stones towards approaching security forces on March 28, 2021 in Yangon, Myanmar. Myanmar's military Junta continued a brutal crackdown on a nationwide civil disobedience movement in which thousands of people have turned out in continued defiance of live ammunition. Local media and monitoring organizations estimate that over 400 people have been killed since the coup began, including dozens of children and minors. (Photo by Stringer/Getty Images)

Meski bergabungnya sejumlah kelompok etnis bersenjata ke pasukan federal sudah direncanakan, beberapa pihak mengatakan tetap sulit untuk saling bekerja sama lantaran para pemberontak kerap bersaing dan sering juga bertempur satu sama lain.  

YANGON, MYANMAR - MARCH 28: Anti-coup protesters use slingshots and pelt stones towards approaching security forces on March 28, 2021 in Yangon, Myanmar. Myanmar's military Junta continued a brutal crackdown on a nationwide civil disobedience movement in which thousands of people have turned out in continued defiance of live ammunition. Local media and monitoring organizations estimate that over 400 people have been killed since the coup began, including dozens of children and minors. (Photo by Stringer/Getty Images)

Anthony Davis, seorang analis keamanan yang berbasis di Inggris, memperkirakan total kekuatan pasukan etnis mencapai sekitar 75.000 personel, cukup untuk melawan 350.000 tentara Myanmar jika dipaksa bertempur di berbagai medan.  

YANGON, MYANMAR - MARCH 28: Anti-coup protesters use slingshots and pelt stones towards approaching security forces on March 28, 2021 in Yangon, Myanmar. Myanmar's military Junta continued a brutal crackdown on a nationwide civil disobedience movement in which thousands of people have turned out in continued defiance of live ammunition. Local media and monitoring organizations estimate that over 400 people have been killed since the coup began, including dozens of children and minors. (Photo by Stringer/Getty Images)

Konflik antara militer dan kelompok etnis sudah meningkat sejak beberapa hari lalu.  

YANGON, MYANMAR - MARCH 28: Anti-coup protesters use slingshots and pelt stones towards approaching security forces on March 28, 2021 in Yangon, Myanmar. Myanmar's military Junta continued a brutal crackdown on a nationwide civil disobedience movement in which thousands of people have turned out in continued defiance of live ammunition. Local media and monitoring organizations estimate that over 400 people have been killed since the coup began, including dozens of children and minors. (Photo by Stringer/Getty Images)

Pada hari Sabtu (27/3), jet tempur militer Myanmar menjatuhkan bom di wilayah yang dikuasai oleh KNU, untuk pertama kalinya dalam lebih dari 20 tahun. Kekerasan itu menewaskan sejumlah orang dan memaksa ribuan lainnya melarikan diri ke Thailand.  

Sudah 500 Pedemo Tewas di Tangan Militer Myanmar
Sudah 500 Pedemo Tewas di Tangan Militer Myanmar
Sudah 500 Pedemo Tewas di Tangan Militer Myanmar
Sudah 500 Pedemo Tewas di Tangan Militer Myanmar
Sudah 500 Pedemo Tewas di Tangan Militer Myanmar
Sudah 500 Pedemo Tewas di Tangan Militer Myanmar
Sudah 500 Pedemo Tewas di Tangan Militer Myanmar
Sudah 500 Pedemo Tewas di Tangan Militer Myanmar
Sudah 500 Pedemo Tewas di Tangan Militer Myanmar
Sudah 500 Pedemo Tewas di Tangan Militer Myanmar