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Mengenang Jerman Timur Pasca 3 Dekade Bersatu Lewat Sisa Peninggalan

AP Photo/Michael Probst - detikNews
Kamis, 01 Okt 2020 20:29 WIB

Eisenach - 3 Oktober 1990 menjadi hari bersejarah bagi Jerman, pasalnya pada saat itulah Jerman kembali bersatu setelah sebelumnya terbagi menjadi Jerman Timur dan Barat.

A wrecked and abandoned villa built in 1900 stands in a forest near Eisenach, eastern Germany, Monday, Sept. 21, 2020. Thirty years after Germany was reunited on Oct. 3, 1990, many once-decrepit city centers in the formerly communist east have been painstakingly restored and new factories have sprung up. But many companies and facilities didn't survive the abrupt transition to capitalism. (AP Photo/Michael Probst)

Jerman Timur, atau nama resminya Republik Demokratik Jerman atau RDJ merupakan negara Blok Timur selama periode Perang Dingin. Wilayah Jerman Timur sebelumnya merupakan wilayah Jerman yang diduduki oleh pasukan Soviet setelah berakhirnya Perang Dunia II.   

A wrecked and abandoned villa built in 1900 stands in a forest near Eisenach, eastern Germany, Monday, Sept. 21, 2020. Thirty years after Germany was reunited on Oct. 3, 1990, many once-decrepit city centers in the formerly communist east have been painstakingly restored and new factories have sprung up. But many companies and facilities didn't survive the abrupt transition to capitalism. (AP Photo/Michael Probst)

Jerman Timur yang dikuasai oleh Uni Soviet berhaluan komunis, sementara Jerman Barat berhaluan liberal-kapitalis. 31 Agustus 1961, tembok Berlin dibangun sekaligus menjadi tanda perang dingin antara kedua belah pihak, yaitu Jerman Barat dengan Jerman Timur.   

A wrecked and abandoned villa built in 1900 stands in a forest near Eisenach, eastern Germany, Monday, Sept. 21, 2020. Thirty years after Germany was reunited on Oct. 3, 1990, many once-decrepit city centers in the formerly communist east have been painstakingly restored and new factories have sprung up. But many companies and facilities didn't survive the abrupt transition to capitalism. (AP Photo/Michael Probst)

Jerman kembali bersatu pada 3 Oktober 1990 setelah keadaan politik kedua negara mulai tidak stabil dan warga melakukan gerakan untuk menyatukan Jerman Barat dan Jerman Timur.   

A wrecked and abandoned villa built in 1900 stands in a forest near Eisenach, eastern Germany, Monday, Sept. 21, 2020. Thirty years after Germany was reunited on Oct. 3, 1990, many once-decrepit city centers in the formerly communist east have been painstakingly restored and new factories have sprung up. But many companies and facilities didn't survive the abrupt transition to capitalism. (AP Photo/Michael Probst)

Runtuhnya Tembok Berlin menjadi upaya reunifikasi atau penyatuan kembali dua wilayah yang telah terpisah selama 45 tahun.  

A wrecked and abandoned villa built in 1900 stands in a forest near Eisenach, eastern Germany, Monday, Sept. 21, 2020. Thirty years after Germany was reunited on Oct. 3, 1990, many once-decrepit city centers in the formerly communist east have been painstakingly restored and new factories have sprung up. But many companies and facilities didn't survive the abrupt transition to capitalism. (AP Photo/Michael Probst)

Kini tiga puluh tahun setelah Jerman bersatu kembali, banyak bangunan di pusat kota bagian timur masih berdiri dan telah dipugar.  

A wrecked and abandoned villa built in 1900 stands in a forest near Eisenach, eastern Germany, Monday, Sept. 21, 2020. Thirty years after Germany was reunited on Oct. 3, 1990, many once-decrepit city centers in the formerly communist east have been painstakingly restored and new factories have sprung up. But many companies and facilities didn't survive the abrupt transition to capitalism. (AP Photo/Michael Probst)

Seperti bekas pabrik mobil VEB Jerman Timur yang dulunya menjadi tempat pembuatan mobil BMW dan Waetburg di Eisenach, Jerman Timur, yang ditutup pada tahun 1991.  

A wrecked and abandoned villa built in 1900 stands in a forest near Eisenach, eastern Germany, Monday, Sept. 21, 2020. Thirty years after Germany was reunited on Oct. 3, 1990, many once-decrepit city centers in the formerly communist east have been painstakingly restored and new factories have sprung up. But many companies and facilities didn't survive the abrupt transition to capitalism. (AP Photo/Michael Probst)

Pabrik gas juga termasuk bangunan usang yang ditinggalkan di Eisenach setelah Jerman bersatu.  

A wrecked and abandoned villa built in 1900 stands in a forest near Eisenach, eastern Germany, Monday, Sept. 21, 2020. Thirty years after Germany was reunited on Oct. 3, 1990, many once-decrepit city centers in the formerly communist east have been painstakingly restored and new factories have sprung up. But many companies and facilities didn't survive the abrupt transition to capitalism. (AP Photo/Michael Probst)

Di Eckardts, sebuah desa yang berada tak jauh dari Eisenach dibiarkan terbengkalai. Desa tersebut sebelumnya merupakan salah satu lokasi pertanian utama di era Jerman Timur.  

A wrecked and abandoned villa built in 1900 stands in a forest near Eisenach, eastern Germany, Monday, Sept. 21, 2020. Thirty years after Germany was reunited on Oct. 3, 1990, many once-decrepit city centers in the formerly communist east have been painstakingly restored and new factories have sprung up. But many companies and facilities didn't survive the abrupt transition to capitalism. (AP Photo/Michael Probst)

Beberapa menara pengawas beton masih bisa ditemukan. Di tempat lain, ladang, hutan, dan bangunan hingga saat ini masih dibiarkan sama.  

A wrecked and abandoned villa built in 1900 stands in a forest near Eisenach, eastern Germany, Monday, Sept. 21, 2020. Thirty years after Germany was reunited on Oct. 3, 1990, many once-decrepit city centers in the formerly communist east have been painstakingly restored and new factories have sprung up. But many companies and facilities didn't survive the abrupt transition to capitalism. (AP Photo/Michael Probst)

Banyak orang yang meninggalkan wilayah Timur dan pindah ke Barat pada tahun-tahun pertama setelah reunifikasi untuk mencari peluang ekonomi yang lebih baik.  

Mengenang Jerman Timur Pasca 3 Dekade Bersatu Lewat Sisa Peninggalan
Mengenang Jerman Timur Pasca 3 Dekade Bersatu Lewat Sisa Peninggalan
Mengenang Jerman Timur Pasca 3 Dekade Bersatu Lewat Sisa Peninggalan
Mengenang Jerman Timur Pasca 3 Dekade Bersatu Lewat Sisa Peninggalan
Mengenang Jerman Timur Pasca 3 Dekade Bersatu Lewat Sisa Peninggalan
Mengenang Jerman Timur Pasca 3 Dekade Bersatu Lewat Sisa Peninggalan
Mengenang Jerman Timur Pasca 3 Dekade Bersatu Lewat Sisa Peninggalan
Mengenang Jerman Timur Pasca 3 Dekade Bersatu Lewat Sisa Peninggalan
Mengenang Jerman Timur Pasca 3 Dekade Bersatu Lewat Sisa Peninggalan
Mengenang Jerman Timur Pasca 3 Dekade Bersatu Lewat Sisa Peninggalan