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Imbas Larangan Penjualan Tembakau, Penyelundupan Rokok di Afsel Ramai

AP Photo/Jerome Delay - detikNews
Jumat, 28 Agu 2020 17:44 WIB

Afrika Selatan - Afrika Selatan melarang penjualan tembakau sebagai upaya pencegahan COVID-19, namun hal tersebut justru membuat penjualan rokok ilegal makin meningkat pesat.

South Africa National Defense Forces patrol on motorcycles along the newly built fence on the South Africa-Zimbabwe border near the border town of Musina, South Africa, Tuesday June 30, 2020. South Africa built a $2 million fence to deter illegal crossings but it hasn't stopped smugglers.Illegal trade is one of the few businesses to flourish since South Africa imposed sweeping measures at the end of March to try to combat the new coronavirus. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)

Pasukan Pertahanan Nasional Afrika Selatan berpatroli dengan sepeda motor di sepanjang pagar yang baru dibangun di perbatasan Afrika Selatan-Zimbabwe dekat kota perbatasan Musina, Afrika Selatan.  

South Africa National Defense Forces patrol on motorcycles along the newly built fence on the South Africa-Zimbabwe border near the border town of Musina, South Africa, Tuesday June 30, 2020. South Africa built a $2 million fence to deter illegal crossings but it hasn't stopped smugglers.Illegal trade is one of the few businesses to flourish since South Africa imposed sweeping measures at the end of March to try to combat the new coronavirus. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)

Afrika Selatan dan Zimbabwe meningkatkan patroli di sekitar perbatasan sebagai upaya untuk menghentikan penyelundupan rokok.  

South Africa National Defense Forces patrol on motorcycles along the newly built fence on the South Africa-Zimbabwe border near the border town of Musina, South Africa, Tuesday June 30, 2020. South Africa built a $2 million fence to deter illegal crossings but it hasn't stopped smugglers.Illegal trade is one of the few businesses to flourish since South Africa imposed sweeping measures at the end of March to try to combat the new coronavirus. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)

Afrika Selatan memberlakukan larangan yang belum pernah terjadi sebelumnya untuk mencegah masalah pernapasan yang terkait dengan COVID-19.  

Trucks wait to enter Zimbabwe from South Africa at a Bridge border post near Musina, South Africa, Tuesday, July 2, 2020. The Beitbridge border post between South Africa and Zimbabwe is usually one of Africa's busiest, but because of COVID-19 travel restrictions, it is closed to non essential traffic. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)

Negara tersebut melarang perdagangan tembakau sebagai salah satu upaya mencegah COVID-19.  

South Africa National Defense Forces patrol on motorcycles along the newly built fence on the South Africa-Zimbabwe border near the border town of Musina, South Africa, Tuesday June 30, 2020. South Africa built a $2 million fence to deter illegal crossings but it hasn't stopped smugglers.Illegal trade is one of the few businesses to flourish since South Africa imposed sweeping measures at the end of March to try to combat the new coronavirus. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)

Afrika Selatan dan Zimbabwe mengklaim bahwa perokok lebih rentan terhadap virus Corona.  

Trucks wait to enter Zimbabwe from South Africa at a Bridge border post near Musina, South Africa, Tuesday, July 2, 2020. The Beitbridge border post between South Africa and Zimbabwe is usually one of Africa's busiest, but because of COVID-19 travel restrictions, it is closed to non essential traffic. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)

Namun meskipun larangan telah diberlakukan, penyelundupan rokok ilegal semakin meningkat pesat meskipun Afrika Selatan membangun pagar sepanjang 25 mil yang menghabiskan dana hampir 37 juta rand atau sekitar Rp 649 milliar.  

South Africa National Defense Forces patrol on motorcycles along the newly built fence on the South Africa-Zimbabwe border near the border town of Musina, South Africa, Tuesday June 30, 2020. South Africa built a $2 million fence to deter illegal crossings but it hasn't stopped smugglers.Illegal trade is one of the few businesses to flourish since South Africa imposed sweeping measures at the end of March to try to combat the new coronavirus. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)

Menurut penelitian oleh Universitas Cape Town, selama larangan penjualan rokok di Afrika Selatan, diperkirakan 93% perokok membeli rokok mereka dari penjual ilegal.  

South Africa National Defense Forces patrol on motorcycles along the newly built fence on the South Africa-Zimbabwe border near the border town of Musina, South Africa, Tuesday June 30, 2020. South Africa built a $2 million fence to deter illegal crossings but it hasn't stopped smugglers.Illegal trade is one of the few businesses to flourish since South Africa imposed sweeping measures at the end of March to try to combat the new coronavirus. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)

Penyelundupan dilakukan melalui bagian pagar yang rusak dan melalui titik persimpangan Beitbridge/ Musina yang keropos.  

South Africa National Defense Forces patrol on motorcycles along the newly built fence on the South Africa-Zimbabwe border near the border town of Musina, South Africa, Tuesday June 30, 2020. South Africa built a $2 million fence to deter illegal crossings but it hasn't stopped smugglers.Illegal trade is one of the few businesses to flourish since South Africa imposed sweeping measures at the end of March to try to combat the new coronavirus. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)

Rokok ilegal dijual di toko-toko atau dari rumah warga yang sebelumnya membuat kesepakatan melalui obrolan grup WhatsApp.  

South Africa National Defense Forces patrol on motorcycles along the newly built fence on the South Africa-Zimbabwe border near the border town of Musina, South Africa, Tuesday June 30, 2020. South Africa built a $2 million fence to deter illegal crossings but it hasn't stopped smugglers.Illegal trade is one of the few businesses to flourish since South Africa imposed sweeping measures at the end of March to try to combat the new coronavirus. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)

Menurut Institut Tembakau Afrika Selatan, pasar rokok ilegal menyebabkan kerugian pajak di Afrika Selatan hingga 8 miliar rand (sekitar Rp 6,6 triliun), dan lebih dari 40 miliar rand (sekitar Rp 33 triliun) sejak 2010.  

South Africa National Defense Forces patrol on motorcycles along the newly built fence on the South Africa-Zimbabwe border near the border town of Musina, South Africa, Tuesday June 30, 2020. South Africa built a $2 million fence to deter illegal crossings but it hasn't stopped smugglers.Illegal trade is one of the few businesses to flourish since South Africa imposed sweeping measures at the end of March to try to combat the new coronavirus. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)

Akhirnya sejak Selasa (18/8/2020) waktu setempat, larangan penjualan rokok legal dicabut.   

Trucks wait to enter Zimbabwe from South Africa at a Bridge border post near Musina, South Africa, Tuesday, July 2, 2020. The Beitbridge border post between South Africa and Zimbabwe is usually one of Africa's busiest, but because of COVID-19 travel restrictions, it is closed to non essential traffic. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)

Namun beberapa produsen rokok Afrika Selatan mengatakan kekhawatirannya bahwa pertumbuhan pasar ilegal selama periode larangan yang lalu akan berdampak lama dan mengurangi penjualan legal.  

South Africa National Defense Forces patrol on motorcycles along the newly built fence on the South Africa-Zimbabwe border near the border town of Musina, South Africa, Tuesday June 30, 2020. South Africa built a $2 million fence to deter illegal crossings but it hasn't stopped smugglers.Illegal trade is one of the few businesses to flourish since South Africa imposed sweeping measures at the end of March to try to combat the new coronavirus. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)

Beberapa jam sebelum pencabutan resmi larangan tersebut berlaku, British American Tobacco, grup tembakau terbesar kedua di dunia, meminta Afrika Selatan untuk "segera" meratifikasi protokol WHO untuk menghapus perdagangan ilegal produk tembakau.  

Imbas Larangan Penjualan Tembakau, Penyelundupan Rokok di Afsel Ramai
Imbas Larangan Penjualan Tembakau, Penyelundupan Rokok di Afsel Ramai
Imbas Larangan Penjualan Tembakau, Penyelundupan Rokok di Afsel Ramai
Imbas Larangan Penjualan Tembakau, Penyelundupan Rokok di Afsel Ramai
Imbas Larangan Penjualan Tembakau, Penyelundupan Rokok di Afsel Ramai
Imbas Larangan Penjualan Tembakau, Penyelundupan Rokok di Afsel Ramai
Imbas Larangan Penjualan Tembakau, Penyelundupan Rokok di Afsel Ramai
Imbas Larangan Penjualan Tembakau, Penyelundupan Rokok di Afsel Ramai
Imbas Larangan Penjualan Tembakau, Penyelundupan Rokok di Afsel Ramai
Imbas Larangan Penjualan Tembakau, Penyelundupan Rokok di Afsel Ramai
Imbas Larangan Penjualan Tembakau, Penyelundupan Rokok di Afsel Ramai
Imbas Larangan Penjualan Tembakau, Penyelundupan Rokok di Afsel Ramai
Imbas Larangan Penjualan Tembakau, Penyelundupan Rokok di Afsel Ramai