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Setelah Kerusuhan, Kini Anak-Anak Kashmir Berjuang Sekolah Saat Pandemi

AP Photo/Dar Yasin - detikNews
Rabu, 05 Agu 2020 11:34 WIB

Jakarta - Setelah 6 bulan, anak-anak bisa kembali sekolah pasca hubungan Kashmir yang bermasalah dengan India mereda, kini sekolah kembali ditutup akibat pandemi Corona.

Chairs and benches lie inside an empty classroom of a private school that has remained closed for the past four months because of the coronavirus pandemic in Srinagar, Indian controlled Kashmir, Wednesday, July 22, 2020. Decades of insurgency, protests and military crackdowns have constantly disrupted formal schooling in Indian-administered Kashmir, where rebels have fought for decades for independence or unification with Pakistan, which controls the other part of the Muslim-majority region. A generation of students have seen their education upended, and empty classrooms are a familiar sight. (AP Photo/Dar Yasin)

Anak-anak di Kashmir sudah sangat akrab dengan penguncian wilayah. Sebelum adanya pandemi COVID-19, mereka telah dilarang untuk berkegiatan di sekolah umum.  

Chairs and benches lie inside an empty classroom of a private school that has remained closed for the past four months because of the coronavirus pandemic in Srinagar, Indian controlled Kashmir, Wednesday, July 22, 2020. Decades of insurgency, protests and military crackdowns have constantly disrupted formal schooling in Indian-administered Kashmir, where rebels have fought for decades for independence or unification with Pakistan, which controls the other part of the Muslim-majority region. A generation of students have seen their education upended, and empty classrooms are a familiar sight. (AP Photo/Dar Yasin)

Hal itu terjadi pada Agustus 2019, pemerintah federal India mencabut status khusus Kashmir, yang memberinya lebih banyak otonomi daripada sebagian besar negara bagian lain, sehingga memperparah keretakan antara Delhi dan Srinagar.  

A face mask hangs on a study table of a Kashmiri student in Srinagar, Indian controlled Kashmir, Friday, July 18, 2020. Experts say lack of formal schooling during the lockdown could have a serious psychological and emotional impact on the children. With no opportunity to be with friends, many homebound students are struggling to reimagine the school experience as parents take over the role of teachers. (AP Photo/ Dar Yasin)

Hubungan Kashmir yang bermasalah dengan India, dan momok kekerasan yang menghantui daerah itu membuat para orang tua melarang anak-anaknya untuk kembali bersekolah.  

Chairs and benches lie inside an empty classroom of a private school that has remained closed for the past four months because of the coronavirus pandemic in Srinagar, Indian controlled Kashmir, Wednesday, July 22, 2020. Decades of insurgency, protests and military crackdowns have constantly disrupted formal schooling in Indian-administered Kashmir, where rebels have fought for decades for independence or unification with Pakistan, which controls the other part of the Muslim-majority region. A generation of students have seen their education upended, and empty classrooms are a familiar sight. (AP Photo/Dar Yasin)

Enam bulan setelahnya, pada akhir Februari sekolah mulai kembali dibuka.  

A face mask hangs on a study table of a Kashmiri student in Srinagar, Indian controlled Kashmir, Friday, July 18, 2020. Experts say lack of formal schooling during the lockdown could have a serious psychological and emotional impact on the children. With no opportunity to be with friends, many homebound students are struggling to reimagine the school experience as parents take over the role of teachers. (AP Photo/ Dar Yasin)

Namun kegembiraan anak-anak Kashmir tidak bertahan lama karena setelah itu sekolah kembali ditutup akibat pandemi COVID-19.  

Chairs and benches lie inside an empty classroom of a private school that has remained closed for the past four months because of the coronavirus pandemic in Srinagar, Indian controlled Kashmir, Wednesday, July 22, 2020. Decades of insurgency, protests and military crackdowns have constantly disrupted formal schooling in Indian-administered Kashmir, where rebels have fought for decades for independence or unification with Pakistan, which controls the other part of the Muslim-majority region. A generation of students have seen their education upended, and empty classrooms are a familiar sight. (AP Photo/Dar Yasin)

Kini anak-anak Kashmir harus kembali belajar mandiri di rumah.  

Chairs and benches lie inside an empty classroom of a private school that has remained closed for the past four months because of the coronavirus pandemic in Srinagar, Indian controlled Kashmir, Wednesday, July 22, 2020. Decades of insurgency, protests and military crackdowns have constantly disrupted formal schooling in Indian-administered Kashmir, where rebels have fought for decades for independence or unification with Pakistan, which controls the other part of the Muslim-majority region. A generation of students have seen their education upended, and empty classrooms are a familiar sight. (AP Photo/Dar Yasin)

Sekolah-sekolah komunitas yang dikelola sekarelawan banyak bermunculan sejak sekolah formal ditutup namun adanya penyebaran pasukan dan pembatasan gerakan publik menghalau mereka untuk menjangkau para siswa. Kini, penguncian akibat pandemi Corona semakin memperkuat masalah.  

Chairs and benches lie inside an empty classroom of a private school that has remained closed for the past four months because of the coronavirus pandemic in Srinagar, Indian controlled Kashmir, Wednesday, July 22, 2020. Decades of insurgency, protests and military crackdowns have constantly disrupted formal schooling in Indian-administered Kashmir, where rebels have fought for decades for independence or unification with Pakistan, which controls the other part of the Muslim-majority region. A generation of students have seen their education upended, and empty classrooms are a familiar sight. (AP Photo/Dar Yasin)

Para ahli mengatakan kurangnya sekolah formal selama penguncian dapat memiliki dampak psikologis dan emosional yang serius pada anak-anak.   

A face mask hangs on a study table of a Kashmiri student in Srinagar, Indian controlled Kashmir, Friday, July 18, 2020. Experts say lack of formal schooling during the lockdown could have a serious psychological and emotional impact on the children. With no opportunity to be with friends, many homebound students are struggling to reimagine the school experience as parents take over the role of teachers. (AP Photo/ Dar Yasin)

Jika di sebagian negara, kelas online bisa menjadi solusi belajar, anak-anak Kashmir sulit untuk memiliki kesempatan itu.  

Chairs and benches lie inside an empty classroom of a private school that has remained closed for the past four months because of the coronavirus pandemic in Srinagar, Indian controlled Kashmir, Wednesday, July 22, 2020. Decades of insurgency, protests and military crackdowns have constantly disrupted formal schooling in Indian-administered Kashmir, where rebels have fought for decades for independence or unification with Pakistan, which controls the other part of the Muslim-majority region. A generation of students have seen their education upended, and empty classrooms are a familiar sight. (AP Photo/Dar Yasin)

Setahun setelah langkah tiba-tiba India untuk menghapus semi-otonomi Kashmir, internet berkecepatan tinggi dibatasi di wilayah tersebut.   

A face mask hangs on a study table of a Kashmiri student in Srinagar, Indian controlled Kashmir, Friday, July 18, 2020. Experts say lack of formal schooling during the lockdown could have a serious psychological and emotional impact on the children. With no opportunity to be with friends, many homebound students are struggling to reimagine the school experience as parents take over the role of teachers. (AP Photo/ Dar Yasin)

India terus mempertahankan langkah itu dengan mengatakan kecepatan internet yang terbatas membantu untuk mencegah protes anti-India yang kadang-kadang menyebabkan bentrokan antara demonstran dan pasukan India.  

Chairs and benches lie inside an empty classroom of a private school that has remained closed for the past four months because of the coronavirus pandemic in Srinagar, Indian controlled Kashmir, Wednesday, July 22, 2020. Decades of insurgency, protests and military crackdowns have constantly disrupted formal schooling in Indian-administered Kashmir, where rebels have fought for decades for independence or unification with Pakistan, which controls the other part of the Muslim-majority region. A generation of students have seen their education upended, and empty classrooms are a familiar sight. (AP Photo/Dar Yasin)

Terkurung di rumah mereka, para siswa merasa sulit untuk belajar online dengan koneksi internet yang sangat lambat, dan juga terkadang menghadapi pemadaman akibat pertempuran yang sering terjadi antara pemberontak dan tentara India.  

Chairs and benches lie inside an empty classroom of a private school that has remained closed for the past four months because of the coronavirus pandemic in Srinagar, Indian controlled Kashmir, Wednesday, July 22, 2020. Decades of insurgency, protests and military crackdowns have constantly disrupted formal schooling in Indian-administered Kashmir, where rebels have fought for decades for independence or unification with Pakistan, which controls the other part of the Muslim-majority region. A generation of students have seen their education upended, and empty classrooms are a familiar sight. (AP Photo/Dar Yasin)

Muneer Alam, seorang insinyur yang berubah menjadi guru matematika di Srinagar, akhirnya membuka sekolah komunitas informal dalam bentuk kelas terbuka.  

Chairs and benches lie inside an empty classroom of a private school that has remained closed for the past four months because of the coronavirus pandemic in Srinagar, Indian controlled Kashmir, Wednesday, July 22, 2020. Decades of insurgency, protests and military crackdowns have constantly disrupted formal schooling in Indian-administered Kashmir, where rebels have fought for decades for independence or unification with Pakistan, which controls the other part of the Muslim-majority region. A generation of students have seen their education upended, and empty classrooms are a familiar sight. (AP Photo/Dar Yasin)

Sekolah tanpa atap tesebut mengikuti semua protokol terkait Covid-19, misalnya mengenakan masker dan penjarakan sosial.  

Setelah Kerusuhan, Kini Anak-Anak Kashmir Berjuang Sekolah Saat Pandemi
Setelah Kerusuhan, Kini Anak-Anak Kashmir Berjuang Sekolah Saat Pandemi
Setelah Kerusuhan, Kini Anak-Anak Kashmir Berjuang Sekolah Saat Pandemi
Setelah Kerusuhan, Kini Anak-Anak Kashmir Berjuang Sekolah Saat Pandemi
Setelah Kerusuhan, Kini Anak-Anak Kashmir Berjuang Sekolah Saat Pandemi
Setelah Kerusuhan, Kini Anak-Anak Kashmir Berjuang Sekolah Saat Pandemi
Setelah Kerusuhan, Kini Anak-Anak Kashmir Berjuang Sekolah Saat Pandemi
Setelah Kerusuhan, Kini Anak-Anak Kashmir Berjuang Sekolah Saat Pandemi
Setelah Kerusuhan, Kini Anak-Anak Kashmir Berjuang Sekolah Saat Pandemi
Setelah Kerusuhan, Kini Anak-Anak Kashmir Berjuang Sekolah Saat Pandemi
Setelah Kerusuhan, Kini Anak-Anak Kashmir Berjuang Sekolah Saat Pandemi
Setelah Kerusuhan, Kini Anak-Anak Kashmir Berjuang Sekolah Saat Pandemi
Setelah Kerusuhan, Kini Anak-Anak Kashmir Berjuang Sekolah Saat Pandemi
Setelah Kerusuhan, Kini Anak-Anak Kashmir Berjuang Sekolah Saat Pandemi