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Sambut Ramadhan Warga Megelang Nyadran

Getty Images/Ulet Ifansasti - detikNews
Senin, 12 Apr 2021 11:40 WIB

Magelang - Orang Jawa identik dengan bermacam upacara selamatan. Menjelang Ramadan, tradisi Nyadran dilakukan untuk mengagungkan, menghormati, dan memperingati roh leluhur

MAGELANG, INDONESIA - APRIL 09:  Javanese muslims eat together after praying at a cemetery during a Nyadran ritual in Butuh village at the foot of Mount Sumbing on April 9, 2021 in Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia. Before the month of Ramadan begins, Javanese Muslims takes part in a unique ritual called Nyadran, which originated as a way to share Islamic beliefs with local villagers, many of who were not Muslim. For Nyadran, people visit the graves of their ancestors to pay respect, but the event is also an expression of friendship between villagers who live at the foot of mountains in central Java. After praying they eat together and they will celebrate by visiting their neighbor's houses. (Photo by Ulet Ifansasti/Getty Images)

Umat Islam Jawa makan bersama setelah sembahyang di pemakaman dalam upacara Nyadran di desa Butuh di kaki Gunung Sumbing, Magelang, Jawa Tengah.  

MAGELANG, INDONESIA - APRIL 09:  Javanese muslims eat together after praying at a cemetery during a Nyadran ritual in Butuh village at the foot of Mount Sumbing on April 9, 2021 in Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia. Before the month of Ramadan begins, Javanese Muslims takes part in a unique ritual called Nyadran, which originated as a way to share Islamic beliefs with local villagers, many of who were not Muslim. For Nyadran, people visit the graves of their ancestors to pay respect, but the event is also an expression of friendship between villagers who live at the foot of mountains in central Java. After praying they eat together and they will celebrate by visiting their neighbor's houses. (Photo by Ulet Ifansasti/Getty Images)

Di minggu terakhir sebelum bulan puasa, orang Jawa mementingkan ke kuburan orangtua atau leluhurnya. Orang menyebut dengan "nyadran" yang merupakan cara untuk mengagungkan, menghormati, dan memperingati roh leluhur.  

MAGELANG, INDONESIA - APRIL 09:  Javanese muslims pray at the cemetery during a Nyadran ritual in Butuh village at the foot of Mount Sumbing on April 9, 2021 in Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia. Before the month of Ramadan begins, Javanese Muslims takes part in a unique ritual called Nyadran, which originated as a way to share Islamic beliefs with local villagers, many of who were not Muslim. For Nyadran, people visit the graves of their ancestors to pay respect, but the event is also an expression of friendship between villagers who live at the foot of mountains in central Java. After praying they eat together and they will celebrate by visiting their neighbor's houses. (Photo by Ulet Ifansasti/Getty Images)

Dalam tradisi orang Jawa, sebelum memasuki bulan Ramadhan, orang dari perantauan kembali ke kampung masing-masing hanya untuk melakukan ritual "nyadran" ini.   

MAGELANG, INDONESIA - APRIL 09:  Javanese muslims pray at the cemetery during a Nyadran ritual in Butuh village at the foot of Mount Sumbing on April 9, 2021 in Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia. Before the month of Ramadan begins, Javanese Muslims takes part in a unique ritual called Nyadran, which originated as a way to share Islamic beliefs with local villagers, many of who were not Muslim. For Nyadran, people visit the graves of their ancestors to pay respect, but the event is also an expression of friendship between villagers who live at the foot of mountains in central Java. After praying they eat together and they will celebrate by visiting their neighbor's houses. (Photo by Ulet Ifansasti/Getty Images)

Kebiasaan ini sudah menjadi tradisi kebudayaan yang terjadi hampir setiap kampung di Jawa.  

MAGELANG, INDONESIA - APRIL 09:  Javanese muslims pray at the cemetery during a Nyadran ritual in Butuh village at the foot of Mount Sumbing on April 9, 2021 in Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia. Before the month of Ramadan begins, Javanese Muslims takes part in a unique ritual called Nyadran, which originated as a way to share Islamic beliefs with local villagers, many of who were not Muslim. For Nyadran, people visit the graves of their ancestors to pay respect, but the event is also an expression of friendship between villagers who live at the foot of mountains in central Java. After praying they eat together and they will celebrate by visiting their neighbor's houses. (Photo by Ulet Ifansasti/Getty Images)

Nyadran dilaksanakan selama hari ke-10 bulan Rajab, atau saat datangnya bulan Syaban.  

MAGELANG, INDONESIA - APRIL 09:  Javanese muslims pray at the cemetery during a Nyadran ritual in Butuh village at the foot of Mount Sumbing on April 9, 2021 in Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia. Before the month of Ramadan begins, Javanese Muslims takes part in a unique ritual called Nyadran, which originated as a way to share Islamic beliefs with local villagers, many of who were not Muslim. For Nyadran, people visit the graves of their ancestors to pay respect, but the event is also an expression of friendship between villagers who live at the foot of mountains in central Java. After praying they eat together and they will celebrate by visiting their neighbor's houses. (Photo by Ulet Ifansasti/Getty Images)

Tradisi nyadran telah ada pada masa Hindu-Budha sebelum agama Islam masuk di Indonesia.  

MAGELANG, INDONESIA - APRIL 09:  Javanese muslims pray at the cemetery during a Nyadran ritual in Butuh village at the foot of Mount Sumbing on April 9, 2021 in Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia. Before the month of Ramadan begins, Javanese Muslims takes part in a unique ritual called Nyadran, which originated as a way to share Islamic beliefs with local villagers, many of who were not Muslim. For Nyadran, people visit the graves of their ancestors to pay respect, but the event is also an expression of friendship between villagers who live at the foot of mountains in central Java. After praying they eat together and they will celebrate by visiting their neighbor's houses. (Photo by Ulet Ifansasti/Getty Images)

Nyadran adalah suatu rangkaian budaya yang berupa pembersihan makam leluhur, tabur bunga, dan puncaknya berupa kenduri selamatan di makam leluhur.  

MAGELANG, INDONESIA - APRIL 09:  Javanese muslims pray at the cemetery during a Nyadran ritual in Butuh village at the foot of Mount Sumbing on April 9, 2021 in Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia. Before the month of Ramadan begins, Javanese Muslims takes part in a unique ritual called Nyadran, which originated as a way to share Islamic beliefs with local villagers, many of who were not Muslim. For Nyadran, people visit the graves of their ancestors to pay respect, but the event is also an expression of friendship between villagers who live at the foot of mountains in central Java. After praying they eat together and they will celebrate by visiting their neighbor's houses. (Photo by Ulet Ifansasti/Getty Images)

Kegiatan menyelanggarakan kenduri diawali dengan pembacaan ayat Al-Quran, zikir, tahlil, dan doa, kemudian ditutup dengan makan bersama. Dipimpin oleh seorang tokoh agama atau masyarakat desa sering menyebut dengan mudin.   

MAGELANG, INDONESIA - APRIL 09:  Javanese muslims pray at the cemetery during a Nyadran ritual in Butuh village at the foot of Mount Sumbing on April 9, 2021 in Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia. Before the month of Ramadan begins, Javanese Muslims takes part in a unique ritual called Nyadran, which originated as a way to share Islamic beliefs with local villagers, many of who were not Muslim. For Nyadran, people visit the graves of their ancestors to pay respect, but the event is also an expression of friendship between villagers who live at the foot of mountains in central Java. After praying they eat together and they will celebrate by visiting their neighbor's houses. (Photo by Ulet Ifansasti/Getty Images)

Dalam ziarah kubur, biasanya membawa bunga terutama bunga telasih. Bunga ini sebagai lambang adanya hubungan yang akrab antara peziarah dengan arwah yang diziarahi.  

MAGELANG, INDONESIA - APRIL 09:  Javanese muslims pray at the cemetery during a Nyadran ritual in Butuh village at the foot of Mount Sumbing on April 9, 2021 in Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia. Before the month of Ramadan begins, Javanese Muslims takes part in a unique ritual called Nyadran, which originated as a way to share Islamic beliefs with local villagers, many of who were not Muslim. For Nyadran, people visit the graves of their ancestors to pay respect, but the event is also an expression of friendship between villagers who live at the foot of mountains in central Java. After praying they eat together and they will celebrate by visiting their neighbor's houses. (Photo by Ulet Ifansasti/Getty Images)

Seusai berdoa mengelar kenduri dengan makan bersama sepanjang jalan mengelar tikar dan daun pisang.  

MAGELANG, INDONESIA - APRIL 09:  Javanese muslims pray at the cemetery during a Nyadran ritual in Butuh village at the foot of Mount Sumbing on April 9, 2021 in Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia. Before the month of Ramadan begins, Javanese Muslims takes part in a unique ritual called Nyadran, which originated as a way to share Islamic beliefs with local villagers, many of who were not Muslim. For Nyadran, people visit the graves of their ancestors to pay respect, but the event is also an expression of friendship between villagers who live at the foot of mountains in central Java. After praying they eat together and they will celebrate by visiting their neighbor's houses. (Photo by Ulet Ifansasti/Getty Images)

Ritual nyadran bagi orang Jawa beragam motivasi keagamaan. Di antaranya, selain ungkapkan saling mendoakan antara orang yang telah tiada dengan yang masih hidup, ada fungsi integrasi masyarakat di sana.   

MAGELANG, INDONESIA - APRIL 09:  Javanese muslims pray at the cemetery during a Nyadran ritual in Butuh village at the foot of Mount Sumbing on April 9, 2021 in Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia. Before the month of Ramadan begins, Javanese Muslims takes part in a unique ritual called Nyadran, which originated as a way to share Islamic beliefs with local villagers, many of who were not Muslim. For Nyadran, people visit the graves of their ancestors to pay respect, but the event is also an expression of friendship between villagers who live at the foot of mountains in central Java. After praying they eat together and they will celebrate by visiting their neighbor's houses. (Photo by Ulet Ifansasti/Getty Images)

Siklus tahunan ini menjadi ruang sosial untuk memperkuat hubungan antar masyarakat.  

Sambut Ramadhan Warga Megelang Nyadran
Sambut Ramadhan Warga Megelang Nyadran
Sambut Ramadhan Warga Megelang Nyadran
Sambut Ramadhan Warga Megelang Nyadran
Sambut Ramadhan Warga Megelang Nyadran
Sambut Ramadhan Warga Megelang Nyadran
Sambut Ramadhan Warga Megelang Nyadran
Sambut Ramadhan Warga Megelang Nyadran
Sambut Ramadhan Warga Megelang Nyadran
Sambut Ramadhan Warga Megelang Nyadran
Sambut Ramadhan Warga Megelang Nyadran
Sambut Ramadhan Warga Megelang Nyadran