Foto

Potret Kehidupan dan Ancaman Lingkungan di Sungai Gangga

AP Photo/Altaf Qadri - detikNews
Selasa, 11 Agu 2020 14:13 WIB

India - Sungai Gangga menjadi sungai terpenting bagi masyarakat India. Namun beragam aktivitas adat dan ekonomi mengancam kelestarian sungai tersebut.

Hindu pilgrims spend the night huddled together after being forced by high tide to flee from their camps on the eve of Makar Sankranti festival on Sagar Island, an island in the Ganges delta, in the eastern Indian state of West Bengal, Tuesday, Jan. 14, 2020. Sagar and many other small islands which are part of the Sundarbans, the world's largest mangrove forest, have seen a dramatic rise in sea levels due to climate change. The highest point in the Sundarbans is around 3 meters (9.8 feet) and the mean elevation is less than a meter above sea level. (AP Photo/Altaf Qadri)

Ritual adat Sonpur mela digelar di pertemuan Sungai Gangga dan Sungai Gandak pada 12 November 2019 lalu.Sonpur adalah pernah menjadi tempat di sepanjang Sungai Gangga di mana binatang-binatang kuat seperti gajah diperdagangkan.

Hindu pilgrims spend the night huddled together after being forced by high tide to flee from their camps on the eve of Makar Sankranti festival on Sagar Island, an island in the Ganges delta, in the eastern Indian state of West Bengal, Tuesday, Jan. 14, 2020. Sagar and many other small islands which are part of the Sundarbans, the world's largest mangrove forest, have seen a dramatic rise in sea levels due to climate change. The highest point in the Sundarbans is around 3 meters (9.8 feet) and the mean elevation is less than a meter above sea level. (AP Photo/Altaf Qadri)

Sungai Gangga dan sungai lainnya di India menjadi tempat berlangsungnya beragam upacara adat. Seperti Festival Chhath Puja di Sungai Yamuna ini.

Hindu pilgrims spend the night huddled together after being forced by high tide to flee from their camps on the eve of Makar Sankranti festival on Sagar Island, an island in the Ganges delta, in the eastern Indian state of West Bengal, Tuesday, Jan. 14, 2020. Sagar and many other small islands which are part of the Sundarbans, the world's largest mangrove forest, have seen a dramatic rise in sea levels due to climate change. The highest point in the Sundarbans is around 3 meters (9.8 feet) and the mean elevation is less than a meter above sea level. (AP Photo/Altaf Qadri)

Nelayan mencari ikan di anak Sungai Gangga, Hooghly. Kawasan ini juga dipenuhi hotel-hotel terapung. 

Hindu pilgrims spend the night huddled together after being forced by high tide to flee from their camps on the eve of Makar Sankranti festival on Sagar Island, an island in the Ganges delta, in the eastern Indian state of West Bengal, Tuesday, Jan. 14, 2020. Sagar and many other small islands which are part of the Sundarbans, the world's largest mangrove forest, have seen a dramatic rise in sea levels due to climate change. The highest point in the Sundarbans is around 3 meters (9.8 feet) and the mean elevation is less than a meter above sea level. (AP Photo/Altaf Qadri)

Limbah industri mencemari Sungai Yamuna.

Hindu pilgrims spend the night huddled together after being forced by high tide to flee from their camps on the eve of Makar Sankranti festival on Sagar Island, an island in the Ganges delta, in the eastern Indian state of West Bengal, Tuesday, Jan. 14, 2020. Sagar and many other small islands which are part of the Sundarbans, the world's largest mangrove forest, have seen a dramatic rise in sea levels due to climate change. The highest point in the Sundarbans is around 3 meters (9.8 feet) and the mean elevation is less than a meter above sea level. (AP Photo/Altaf Qadri)

Sungai Gangga khususnya di kawasan Varanasi juga menjadi kuburan bagi warga. Banyak warga meminta jenazahnya ditenggelamkan di sungai ini saat meninggal.

Hindu pilgrims spend the night huddled together after being forced by high tide to flee from their camps on the eve of Makar Sankranti festival on Sagar Island, an island in the Ganges delta, in the eastern Indian state of West Bengal, Tuesday, Jan. 14, 2020. Sagar and many other small islands which are part of the Sundarbans, the world's largest mangrove forest, have seen a dramatic rise in sea levels due to climate change. The highest point in the Sundarbans is around 3 meters (9.8 feet) and the mean elevation is less than a meter above sea level. (AP Photo/Altaf Qadri)

Di sepanjang Sungai Gangga di Kanpur, juga menjadi industri menyamakan kulit. Industri ini turut membuah limbahnya ke sungai Gangga.

Hindu pilgrims spend the night huddled together after being forced by high tide to flee from their camps on the eve of Makar Sankranti festival on Sagar Island, an island in the Ganges delta, in the eastern Indian state of West Bengal, Tuesday, Jan. 14, 2020. Sagar and many other small islands which are part of the Sundarbans, the world's largest mangrove forest, have seen a dramatic rise in sea levels due to climate change. The highest point in the Sundarbans is around 3 meters (9.8 feet) and the mean elevation is less than a meter above sea level. (AP Photo/Altaf Qadri)

Potret pertemuan tiga sungai di India, yakni Sungai Gangga, Yamuna dan Saraswati.

Hindu pilgrims spend the night huddled together after being forced by high tide to flee from their camps on the eve of Makar Sankranti festival on Sagar Island, an island in the Ganges delta, in the eastern Indian state of West Bengal, Tuesday, Jan. 14, 2020. Sagar and many other small islands which are part of the Sundarbans, the world's largest mangrove forest, have seen a dramatic rise in sea levels due to climate change. The highest point in the Sundarbans is around 3 meters (9.8 feet) and the mean elevation is less than a meter above sea level. (AP Photo/Altaf Qadri)

Para pelajar berjalan di Bendungan Tehri yang dialiri air Sungai Bhagirathi. Bhagirathi adalah salah satu dari dua sumber yang membentuk Sungai Gangga, yang lainnya adalah sungai Alaknanda.

Hindu pilgrims spend the night huddled together after being forced by high tide to flee from their camps on the eve of Makar Sankranti festival on Sagar Island, an island in the Ganges delta, in the eastern Indian state of West Bengal, Tuesday, Jan. 14, 2020. Sagar and many other small islands which are part of the Sundarbans, the world's largest mangrove forest, have seen a dramatic rise in sea levels due to climate change. The highest point in the Sundarbans is around 3 meters (9.8 feet) and the mean elevation is less than a meter above sea level. (AP Photo/Altaf Qadri)

Anak sungai Gangga, Hooghly juga menjadi tempat penenggelaman bermacam patung.

Hindu pilgrims spend the night huddled together after being forced by high tide to flee from their camps on the eve of Makar Sankranti festival on Sagar Island, an island in the Ganges delta, in the eastern Indian state of West Bengal, Tuesday, Jan. 14, 2020. Sagar and many other small islands which are part of the Sundarbans, the world's largest mangrove forest, have seen a dramatic rise in sea levels due to climate change. The highest point in the Sundarbans is around 3 meters (9.8 feet) and the mean elevation is less than a meter above sea level. (AP Photo/Altaf Qadri)

Sungai Gangga juga beberapa kali meluap yang membuat warga mengungsi.

Smoke rises from chimneys of leather tanneries in Kanpur, an industrial city on the banks of the river Ganges, India, Tuesday, June 23, 2020. Kanpur city produces an estimated 450 million liters of municipal sewage and industrial effluent daily, much of which flowed directly into the Ganges until recently. Today that number is lower, though it's not clear by how much, after a Ganges cleanup project closed some drains and diverted industrial pollution to treatment plants. (AP Photo/Altaf Qadri)

Potret asap dari industri yang tumbuh di sekitar Sungai Gangga di Kanpur. 

Potret Kehidupan dan Ancaman Lingkungan di Sungai Gangga
Potret Kehidupan dan Ancaman Lingkungan di Sungai Gangga
Potret Kehidupan dan Ancaman Lingkungan di Sungai Gangga
Potret Kehidupan dan Ancaman Lingkungan di Sungai Gangga
Potret Kehidupan dan Ancaman Lingkungan di Sungai Gangga
Potret Kehidupan dan Ancaman Lingkungan di Sungai Gangga
Potret Kehidupan dan Ancaman Lingkungan di Sungai Gangga
Potret Kehidupan dan Ancaman Lingkungan di Sungai Gangga
Potret Kehidupan dan Ancaman Lingkungan di Sungai Gangga
Potret Kehidupan dan Ancaman Lingkungan di Sungai Gangga
Potret Kehidupan dan Ancaman Lingkungan di Sungai Gangga